Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the second most common sleep disorder among adults in the United States, and has been associated with serious negative health consequences including increased risk for stroke, heart attack, diabetes, and premature death. Fortunately, highly effective treatments exist. The most effective and commonly prescribed treatment for OSA is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. CPAP patients sleep wearing a small mask that covers the nose and/or mouth and is connected to a shoebox-size machine by a flexible tube. Gentle air pressure continuously flows through the tube, holding the airway open and allowing patients to breathe normally.
Although CPAP is a highly effective treatment, many patients experience difficulty adjusting to sleeping with their new CPAP mask. Common complaints include discomfort or feelings of being “trapped” wearing the mask, nasal dryness, or just difficulty finding a comfortable sleeping position. Cognitive-behavioral treatments are the most effective ways to improve CPAP use and reduce CPAP discontinuation.erally lasts 2-6 sessions.